He aha ka ʻokoʻa ma waena o nā keramika a me ka china iwi?

1. Ka mālama ʻana i nā keramika

1. Hiki ke hoʻohana i ka mea holoi hale no ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe i kēlā me kēia lā.

2. Hoʻohui i kahi amonia liʻiliʻi me ke kopa a hoʻohana paha i kahi hui o ka like o ka linseed a me ke kuhukukū mua, i loaʻa ka decontamination ikaika a hiki ke hoʻomālamalama i nā tile.

3. Inā ninini ʻoe i nā wai wai ikaika e like me ka tī ikaika a i ʻole ka inika ma nā pōhaku lepo, holoi koke.

4. Laki pinepine i nā tile i hoʻonani ʻia e loaʻa ai ka pale lōʻihi, a ʻo ka manawa ka lōʻihi he 2-3 mau mahina.

5. Inā aia kekahi mau ʻōpala ma ka ʻili o ka pōhaku lepo, e hoʻopili i ka nī niho ma ka wahi pala a holoi iā ia me kahi lole maloʻo maloʻo e hoʻomaʻemaʻe i nā ʻōpala.

2. Ka mālama ʻana i ka china iwi:

1. Pono e hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia e ka lima, ʻaʻole ka mea holoi ipu. Inā ʻaʻole ʻoe makemake e holoi me ka lima, pono ʻoe e koho i ka mea holoi ipu holoi me ka hana holoi “porcelain a me aniani”.

2. ʻAʻole pono e hoʻokomo ʻia nā ipu pākaukau me nā kihi gula i loko o ka umu hawewe e pale i ka pala.

3. Pono ka holoi PH waiwai ma waena o 11-11.5.

4. Ke holoi me ka wai maʻemaʻe, ʻaʻole pono ka mahana o ka wai ma mua o 80 ℃.

5. Mai hoʻokomo pono i ke kīʻaha wela i loko o ka wai anuanu, i mea e hōʻino ʻole ai i ka porcelain ma muli o nā loli wela wikiwiki.

6. Inā loaʻa nā ʻōpala, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i ka toothpaste e hoʻōla.

7. Inā he mau kī tī, hiki ke hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia me ka wai lemon a i ʻole ka vīnega.

8. ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi ʻaʻole e hoʻohana me ia me ka wela koke, i ʻole e haki.

9. Mai hoʻohana pololei i kahi ahi hāmama

1. Nā mea hana ʻokoʻa:

Hana ʻia ka porcelain i ka pālolo maoli a me nā minelala kūlohelohe e like me ka mea maka nui, a ʻo ka porcelain me ka iwi pauka iwi ma mua o 25% i ka mea maka ka iwi iwi.

2. Nā kaʻina ʻokoʻa:

Lawe ka puhi ʻana ʻo Bone china i kahi hana kī lua, a ʻo ka mahana ma waena o 1200 kekelē a me 1300 kekelē. ʻO ka maʻamau, hiki ke hana i nā keramika ma hope o ke kī ʻana ma 900 kekelē.

3. Nā kaupaona like ʻole:

Ma muli o ka paʻakikī o ka iwi china, ʻoi aku ka lahilahi o ka porcelain ma mua o ka porcelain maʻamau, no laila ʻoi aku ka māmā o ka iwi o ka iwi like ma mua o ka porselana.

4. Nā kumu ʻokoʻa:

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka iwi iwi i ka United Kingdom a he porcelain kūikawā ia no ka ʻohana aliʻi a me nā hanohano o ke Aupuni Hui PūʻIa. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā Ceramics ma Kina me kahi mōʻaukala lōʻihi.

1. He kuanaʻike olakino

ʻO ka ʻokoʻa o nā mea a me ka hana lima ma waena o ka iwi iwi a me nā keramika e hoʻoholo ai i ka wā āpau. ʻO ka lanahu iwi holoholona ka mea koho nui loa no ka hana ʻana i ka iwi iwi, a ʻo kona ʻike he 40%. I kēia manawa, ʻo ka ʻai ʻana o ka iwi kiʻekiʻe o ka ʻohana aliʻi Pelekane me ka ʻai o ka iwi i kiʻekiʻe loa ma ka honua e like me 50%.

2. pae kaʻina

Hoʻopili pū ʻia ka ʻili pua iwi china a me ka ʻili aniani, a ʻaʻohe ona kēpau a me cadmium i mea hōʻino i ke kino o ke kanaka. Hiki ke kapa ʻia he "porcelain ʻōmaʻomaʻo" maoli. Hoʻohana maikaʻi ka wā lōʻihi i ke olakino kanaka. Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo Bone china i ʻelua mau manawa, a paʻakikī ka hana. Hana wale ʻia ia ma Pelekane, Kina, Iāpana, Kelemania, Rusia, a me Thailand. Mālamalama ka iwi iwi, paʻa a paʻakikī (ʻelua mau manawa o ka porcelain hoʻohana i kēlā me kēia lā), maʻalahi ʻole e komo a haki, hoʻololi wela ma 180 kekelē Celsius a me 20 kekelē Celsius me ka haki ʻole, a ʻo ka helu o ka lawe wai i lalo o 0,003%.

3. Ka hopena hoʻowahāwahā wela

Hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka porcelain kuʻuna, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka mālama ʻana o ka iwi iwi a me kahi ʻono maikaʻi ke inu ʻoe i ka kofe a i ʻole tī.

4. Kahiki

ʻOi aku ka lōʻihi o ka iwi china ma mua o nā keramika maʻamau. ʻO kēia no ka mea ʻokoʻa ka hoʻohui ʻana o ka china iwi mai ka porcelain maʻamau. Hiki iā ia ke lahilahi, ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī a me ka pale o ka ʻaʻahu, ʻaʻole maʻalahi e lole a māwae. ʻO ka paʻakikī o ka iwi china e ʻoi aku ma mua o 2 manawa o ka ceramic. ʻAʻole haki ka iwi iwi i ka manawa ke hoʻololi ʻia ka wela ma waena o 180 ℃ a me 20 ℃ i ka wai. Eia naʻe, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana ʻole pinepine ʻana me ka hōʻoluʻolu wikiwiki a me ka hoʻomehana ʻana i ka wā o ka hoʻohana ʻana, ma muli o ka hoʻonui ʻia ʻana o ka mehana a me ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻana, maʻalahi nā huahana Porcelain i ka haki.

5. Papa huahana

Hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā keramika maʻamau, ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka kiʻekiʻe o ka iwi iwi. No ka manawa lōʻihi, he porcelain kūikawā ka china iwi no nā aliʻi a me nā hanohano o Beritania. ʻO kēia wale nō ka porcelain kiʻekiʻe i ʻike ʻia i ka honua. He waiwai lua kona ?? o ka hoʻohana a me ka noʻeau. He hōʻailona ia o ka mana a me ke kūlana a ʻike ʻia ʻo ke aliʻi o ka porcelain.

Eia hou, lahilahi a aniani ka iwi iwi, nani a nani ka nani o kona helehelena, ua pulu ka ʻāpana kala e like me ka jade, a ʻoi aku ka pena o ka ʻāpana pua. ʻO ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka iwi iwi ua ʻae ʻia a hoʻohana ʻia e ka nui a me ka nui o ka poʻe. ʻAʻole lākou no nā kāne e ʻai wale ana, nā mea hana no ka sop, akā ʻo ke ʻano o ke ʻano a me ka leʻaleʻa artistic, ma ke ʻano he hiʻohiʻona o ka nohona civila, komo iki i loko o kā mākou ola i kēlā me kēia lā.


Ka manawa o ka manawa: Dec-10-2020

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